- Who is developing TAP?
- Who will build the pipeline?
- What is TAP?
- What are the main risks associated with this pipeline project?
- Are there any options for construction of additional storage facilities linked to TAP?
- Why is TAP being developed?
- What are the main opportunities associated with this pipeline project?
- Is there really a need for another pipeline? Won't this create surplus capacities?
- Are TAP's shareholders interested to bring more partners on board in this project?
- How does TAP respond to EU policies concerning gas transportation matters?
- Does the project represent any special technical challenges?
- How will the affected land owners along the pipeline be compensated?
- How will you handle the pipeline crossing of sensitive areas
- Are there any earthquake risks along the pipeline?
- Where will TAP be located?
Who will build the pipeline?
Invitations to a competitive tender for the pipeline construction will be published in due time. The tender will be called upon completion of the planning work.
In March 2013 TAP started pre-qualification process for interested suppliers, read more about this in Tenders section.
What are the main risks associated with this pipeline project?
A project of this magnitude is challenging and complex; but there are considered to be no substantial or extraordinary risks associated with the project that cannot be effectively managed.
The risks traditionally associated with such projects can be minimised through professional project management.
What are the main opportunities associated with this pipeline project?
With an initial annual capacity of around 10 billion cubic meters of natural gas, the pipeline will put gas supplies to Europe on a broader footing opening a new corridor from Caspian Sea region.
TAP can expand its transport capacity to 20 bcm a year. The project also includes the option to develop natural gas storage facilities in Albania, which in turn would further contribute to increasing security of supply in southeast Europe.
TAP's path from Greece through Albania will also enable future development of gas distribution and deliveries to countries in Southeast Europe, especially in places where it is urgently needed as a means to ensure energy supply security.
Is there really a need for another pipeline? Won't this create surplus capacities?
New gas pipelines tapping into the gas reserves of the Caspian region will add yet another gas supply corridor to Europe besides similar ones originating in Russia, Africa and the North Sea, thus contributing to diversification and security of supply. TAP will make an important contribution along the new gas supply corridor to Europe: the Southern Gas Corridor.
Are Axpo, Statoil and E.ON interested to bring more partners on board in this project?
We are happy about any strong partner that can contribute to the success of TAP, especially if new partners add value to the whole chain of the project, for the distribution, construction and delivery of gas. The widening of the TAP partnership is an issue that will be considered continuously.
How does TAP respond to EU policies concerning gas transportation matters?
Expansion and diversification of natural gas transport capacities to and within Europe are important objectives of the EU's energy policy (Trans European Networks – Energy, TEN-E).
The new pipeline is supported by the EU as a TEN-E project, and is in conformity with its energy policy. It is the intention that TAP will continue to be developed in compliance with all EU policies regarding gas transportation matters.
Does the project represent any special technical challenges?
Any project of this size poses a number of challenges within all disciplines. Constructing a pipeline in rugged mountainous terrain up to 1800 m and with no infrastructure is in itself quite a challenge, but there is relevant experience from other projects like BTC (Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan - for oil) and SCP (South Caucasus Pipeline – for gas).
Laying a 42-inch pipeline in water as deep as 820 metres is also a challenge, but here contractors and Statoil have the required expertise.
How will the affected land owners along the pipeline be compensated?
TAP will address all potential displacement risks in accordance with TAP’s policy, national laws as well as the most stringent international requirements. TAP is committed to assuring that livelihoods and living conditions of all affected people are restored to the level they would have achieved in a non-TAP scenario. A special study will be conducted to establish the replacement value of potentially affected assets and the compensation will be adequate. All such compensations will follow strict rules of transparency.
How will you handle the pipeline crossing of sensitive areas?
The TAP project has very high ambition for Health, Safety and Environment (HSE.) We aim at entirely reconstructing the environment along the routing of the TAP pipeline. Any activities affecting the environment shall be carefully minimized, and any adverse effects shall be mitigated appropriately. We have already performed studies of alternative landfall locations and construction methods in close understanding with the local authorities. We are confident that ongoing engineering efforts will prove a sustainable and acceptable solution to this challenge.
Where will TAP be located?
The Trans Adriatic Pipeline will start at the borer of Greece and Turkey, where it will smoothly interconnect with the Trans Anatolian (TANAP) pipeline. It will cross Greece and the entire territory of Albania from east to west. The offshore part of the pipeline will start near the Albanian city of Fier and it will crosse the Adriatic Sea, coming ashore in Soutern Italy and tieing furter in into Italy’s gas transportation grid operated by SNAM ReteGas.
TAP offers the shortest transportation route for Caspian gas to Europe.